First aid is a really useful skill we hope we never have to use.
It’s always a good idea to be prepared so we found out how to respond to fevers, seizures, burns and more.
1. What to do if someone has a burn
Any burn bigger than a 50p piece or the palm of your baby's hand needs urgent medical attention.
Put burns into cold water for at least 10 minutes then cover in clingfilm to keep sterile before getting help.
Remove loose clothing but if clothes stick, leave them on until help arrives.
2. What to do if someone has an allergic reaction
Always keep antihistamines in your home. In babies allergies can show up during weaning.
Treat a rash with antihistamines but if someone develops swollen lips or a swollen tongue get to hospital.
3. What to do if someone has a fever
For babies under six months a fever is 38 degrees C. Over six months it's 39 degrees C.
Never treat children with aspirin - check the medicine label.
If they’re not getting better after 72 hours get medical attention fast.
4. What to do if you need to give CPR
Remember ABC - Airways, Breathing, Circulation. Check their airways are clear and their breathing and circulation.
Start with five rescue breaths, then 30 compressions and two rescue breaths and repeat until help arrives or the person begins to breath.
Use the song Nellie the Elephant as your timing guide and aim for least 120 compressions a minute.
5. What to do if someone has a fit or seizure
If someone is fitting, clear space around them.
If the seizure lasts more than two minutes, get medical help. Or if a child has a seizure without a temperature, get medical help.
6. What to do if you suspect someone has meningitis or sepsis
Don't wait for the rash - learn the other signs including joint and limb pain, light sensitivity, blotchy pale skin, flu-like illness and cold hands and feet. Babies may have a high-pitched cry.
Be aware sepsis can happen from any infection, and signs include no wet nappy for 12 hours in babies, vomiting, convulsions, feeling cold, not feeding and hard to wake.