In between watering, weeding and looking after your growing crops, take time to enjoy your garden this month, whether it’s inhaling the fragrance of roses, lavender and honeysuckle, or watching your hanging baskets and containers burst into bloom.

Fruit and veg

• Reduce the number of fruits on apple, peach, pear and plum trees to allow the remaining fruits to develop into bigger, tastier harvests. Some will naturally fall off – which is called ‘June drop’ – but you’ll need to thin them further

• Harvest strawberries, raspberries and hybrid berries, picking them off before the birds get them

• Tender veg including French beans, courgettes and tomatoes should be ready to plant out this month, when all danger of frost has passed

• Sow oriental leaves including pak choi, Chinese cabbage and red mustard

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Flower care

• In long spells of hot weather, water containers and hanging baskets daily

• Deadhead annuals and perennials which have finished blooming, as your hard work may pay off with more blooms. Spent roses should be removed, as should bedding plants such as African marigolds, petunias and busy lizzies

• Plant out canna and lilies which were potted up earlier in the season

• To ensure flowers continue later on in the season, sow late summer bedding such as clarkia, calendula and candytuft now to give you blooms from August onwards

Tackle weeds and pests

• Place pheromone codling moth traps in apple and pear trees, and collect and dispose of fallen fruitlets exuding a brown substance, the result of an attack by apple sawfly

• If you mulched your borders earlier this year you will suppress many weeds, but be vigilant and watch out for pernicious perennial weeds such as bindweed and ground elder, which may require systemic weedkiller to eradicate the problem. Annual weeds and weed seedlings can be controlled with regular hoeing

• Alternatively, there’s still time to plant ground cover such as hardy geraniums and Alchemilla mollis to suppress germination and stop weeds emerging

Greenhouse jobs

• The sun is strong in June so plants under glass should be shaded and need good ventilation not to frazzle

• Damp down the greenhouse regularly and pinch out the side shoots of tomato plants, tying them in as you go

• Continue to take softwood cuttings from tender perennials such as pelargoniums and fuchsias

• To cut down time on watering, lay capillary matting – a water-holding material – underneath pot plants on the staging. Water the plants well and then damp over the matting with a watering can each morning, and the plants should draw up what they need

Water works

• Consider installing an automatic irrigation system if you don’t want to be a slave to the hosepipe and watering can this month

• Water early in the morning or in the evening when the heat of the day has gone and you’ll have less evaporation

• Only water plants that really need it – newly planted flowers, shrubs and trees, container plants and vegetables which produce pods or whose fruits are swelling will all need to be kept moist. Well-established plants in borders should have a mature root system which will draw upon water deeper in the soil

Increase stock

• Propagate shrubs including cornus, deutzia, hebe, philadelphus, ribes and weigela from softwood cuttings, as well as taking rose cuttings

• Collect and sow hellebore seeds as you remove the old flower stems

• Layer clematis, working a young, flexible shoot which is low down on the parent plant so that you can bend it down to ground level. Loop the stem in and out of the soil to encourage new stems to form along the same stem. Cover the layered section with a handful of pebbles to keep it cool, water in dry spells and leave it a year, by which time you should be able to sever the connection joining it to the parent plant. The technique is called serpentine layering.

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Lawn care

• If you laid a new lawn from turf or sowed one from seed earlier in the year, you’ll need to keep it well watered in the early stages

• Feed the lawn if you forgot to do so in the spring. Choosing a liquid feed can save you time as you won’t have to water it in

• You should be mowing regularly this month. Save time by leaving short clippings on the lawn, where they will act as a mulch and give your lawn some protection from drought

• Give your garden a smart appearance by using edging shears to neaten lawn edging. This process can have a dramatic effect on the overall look of your garden

Pond life

• If your pond looks a bit murky, try introducing barley straw in the water. Just putting a fine-mesh bag – an old pair of tights will do, weighted down with some stones - of it in the water can make the pond turn clear

• Keep water levels topped up in hot weather to ensure wildlife and aquatic plants remain happy

• Introduce new surface-floating plants now, which should establish quickly and provide some shading which helps to keep algae in check

What are you looking forward to doing in your garden this month? Let us know in the Comments section below.