There's a new government and the new Cabinet has been unveiled too.

So who is going to be shaping economic policy, controlling business affairs and deciding whether to raise taxes? Here’s a who’s who of the ministers controlling your finances.

George Osborne: Chancellor of the Exchequer

He may also have been appointed First Secretary of State, but the economy will continue to be Osborne’s main focus. Osborne has been the MP for Tatton for 14 years and prior to that worked for the Conservative Party in various guises, including as special advisor to the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Douglas Hogg in the 1990s, and as a speechwriter for William Hague.

After five years as Chancellor Osborne is expected to continue with his mission to cut the country’s deficit and keep taxes low.

Iain Duncan Smith: Work & Pensions Secretary

The MP for Chingford and Woodford Green was first elected to Parliament in 1992. He retains his position as Work & Pensions Secretary and will be tasked with overseeing more significant cuts to the welfare budget. 

[Related story: What the Conservative government has in store for your money]

Sajid Javid: Business, Innovation & Skills Secretary

The ex-Culture Secretary replaces Lib Dem Vince Cable, who lost his seat in the election. The son of a bus driver, Javid worked for Deutsche Bank after leaving university and has been the MP for Bromsgrove since 2010.

He is expected to bring in legislation to restrict industrial action in essential services. As well as that he’ll be working to deliver the Conservative Party’s promise to create three million more apprenticeships.

Greg Hands: Chief Secretary to the Treasury

Greg Hands has taken over from former Lib Dem MP Danny Alexander. The MP for Chelsea and Fulham was deputy chief whip in the last government.

He was shadow treasury minister from 2009 to 2010 and worked in financial services before becoming an MP.

Hands will be responsible for negotiating with government departments on budget allocations and public sector pay.

Anna Soubry: Minister for Small Business

She may once have been a TV presenter on This Morning, but Anna Soubry is now the MP for Broxtowe, a position she has held since 2010. She has been made Minister for Small Business, a new role created by David Cameron.

Her job will be to promote small business growth by reducing regulations. Cameron has promised to deliver two million new jobs during this government, and Soubry will be tasked with helping to make that happen.

[Related story: Bank of England: inflation and interest rates set to rise slowly]

Priti Patel: Employment Minister

The MP for Witham replaces Esther McVey, who lost her Wirral West seat in the election.

Patel has been an MP since 2010 and was previously exchequer secretary to the treasury. She has a history of supporting campaigns for small businesses, transport infrastructure investment and affordable homes.

In her new role she will be responsible for jobseekers’ allowance and youth unemployment. It is likely she will oversee further cuts to welfare benefits as well as working to create the two million new jobs Cameron has promised.

Dr Ros Altmann: Pensions Minister

The seasoned pension campaigner has been given the role of Pensions Minister that had been held by Steve Webb. Webb, who was a Liberal Democrat MP, lost his Thornbury and Yate seat in the election.

In her role as Pensions Minister Altmann will oversee the early months of the new pension reforms that were introduced last month, as well as continuing to roll out auto-enrolment pension saving, and a big overhaul of the state pension system that starts next year.

Altmann isn’t an MP but will be given a peerage so that she can take her seat in the cabinet as a member of the House of Lords. 

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