On this day in 2008, 10 heavily-armed young Islamic extremists came ashore on the coast of Mumbai, ready to carry out terrifying attacks across the city that would last three days.

The men reportedly split up into four groups and took taxis from the fishing colony at Cuffe Parade to some of the locations they planned to attack, leaving timed bombs inside two of them before getting out. The taxis exploded soon after, killing two drivers and three others.

The first attacks took place at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station, where two of the gunmen walked onto platforms and fired on people indiscriminately, killing 58 people and injuring 104 others. On leaving the station they killed eight policemen while escaping in a police van.

The men then stole a car and drove towards the seafront, just as the other groups of gunmen were beginning their attacks. They fired from the car at several locations, including the Cama and Albless hospital for women and children. Police eventually intercepted the car and killed one of the gunmen, arresting the other - 21-year-old Ajmal Qasab.

Two more terrorists attacked the Leopold Café in South Mumbai, killing 10 and injuring many more, before joining others in attacks on two hotels, the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower and the Oberoi Trident; at the Taj hotel and one at the Trident.

[Read more: April 19, 1995 - 168 die as Iraq War veterans bomb government building in Oklahoma City]

Guests and visitors at the hotels hid for hours as the terrorist fought running battles with Indian commandos. The two Trident gunmen were killed on Friday morning, two days after the attacks had started; the last three of the four attackers at the Taj were not killed until a day later.

62 people, including commandos, died at the two hotels. A final pair of terrorists seized Nariman House, home to the Jewish Chabad Lubavitch outreach centre, killing six and holding hostages for two days until being shot by authorities.

Questioning of the surviving gunman Ajmal Qasab revealed that the terrorists were Pakistanis from the Islamic militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba. Qasab was hanged in 2012. Seven other conspirators were tried in Pakistan, with two further American-Pakistanis being imprisoned in the US.

Also on this day: November 26, 1983 - Brink’s-Mat robbers steal £26m from Heathrow warehouse