Your beloved morning latte could cease to exist within 65 years unless we tackle climate change.
According to a report by The Climate Institute, coffee could be no more by 2080 if global warming continues to get worse.
The report added that extreme weather events, soaring temperatures and a rise in fungi and pests mean production in coffee-growing areas around the world would decrease by 50% towards the end of 2050.
It also predicted wild coffee bean varieties – such as Arabica – could become extinct within the next seven decades unless we halt global warming.
The report said a decline in coffee production will not only affect coffee lovers but also 25 million coffee farmers, and 120 million people who depend on the coffee value chain for their livelihoods.
And, as coffee becomes less available in the future, prices are likely to rise and the flavour and aroma of the drink will start to change.
But it’s not just climate change that’s affecting coffee production.
Coffee leaf rust, a fungal infestation that took place in Central America in 2012, destroyed more than half of the crops in the region, where it was previously too cool for the fungus to survive.
The fungus is still spreading and was recently reported in the hilly regions of Columbia.
Another threat to our morning cuppa is a beetle-like pest known as the coffee berry borer. It usually infests coffee plantations that are up to 1,500 metres above sea level, but it has started to spread upwards due to increasing temperatures.
A rise in temperature by a few degrees could spark an exponential population increase of the insect and lead to devastating consequences for coffee crops.
The report said: “There is strong evidence that rising temperatures and altered rainfall patterns are already affecting coffee yields, quality, pests, and diseases – badly affecting economic security in some coffee regions.
“Without strong action to reduce emissions, climate change is projected to cut the global area suitable for coffee production by as much as 50% by 2050.
“By 2080, wild coffee, an important genetic resource for farmers, could become extinct.”