The days when you could use any old photo booth snapshot for your passport photo are long gone. The facial recognition technology used by modern passport security means photos now must adhere to a specific set of criteria and while most are easy to meet when taking and printing your own photos at home, some can cause problems.

Taking your own colour headshot with a blank expression and nothing obscuring your face is simple enough, but making sure your face fills a certain amount of the frame can be tricky.

Unless you know your way around your photo editing application and printer, printing the photo at the required size of 35x45mm can also be a challenge - and you can’t cut down a larger print to suit.

Fortunately, there is a simple solution in the shape of passport photo generator websites. Just upload a photo and they will make sure it meets the necessary requirements. Then you can either download a copy for printing at home, or buy a pre-printed set online.

Step 1: Take your photo

If you’re taking your passport photo yourself, you’ll either need to mount your camera on a tripod and use its self-timer feature, or get someone to take the photo for you.

You’ll get the best results if you take the photo outside in daylight with no flash and make sure the sun is somewhere behind the camera. You’ll also need a plain background. You can pin a large sheet of white paper or a crease-free bed sheet to the wall for this, but stand a metre or so in front of it to avoid shadows.

Passport photo 01

Make sure your camera is on its highest resolution and lowest compression setting to get the best-quality photo possible. Include more of yourself in the photo than you need and make sure there’s plenty of space at the top and sides — you can crop it afterwards.

Step 2: Edit the photo - very carefully

According to the advice on the website, passport photos must be unaltered by computer software, so you run the photo through a photo editing application at your own risk. As long as you’re careful, however, and don’t give yourself a virtual facelift, you should get away with removing temporary blemishes that you don’t want to look at for the next 10 years. 

Passport photo 02

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Step 3: Upload your photo to Persofoto

We’re using PersoFoto for our passport photo, but other sites work in a similar way. Start by selecting the size of passport photo required (3.5x4.5cm for the EU) and click the Choose image button to upload your photo from your computer.

Passport photo 03

Step 4: Check the photo size

You’ll see a warning if you photo is too small or too low resolution, and it will be resized if it’s too large. A preview of your photo will then appear inside a passport photo template with guidelines that show how large your face should be in the frame.

Passport photo 04

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Step 5: Resize and move the photo

Drag the photo around to get it into position, and use the slider and rotation buttons to resize the photo accordingly. Click the Reset button to start again if you get hopelessly lost and don’t worry if you run out of background when the photo is magnified - PersoFoto will fill it in automatically. Click Preview when you’ve finished to see what the final photo will look like.

Passport photo 05

Step 6: Preview and download

If you’re happy with how your photo looks in the preview, click the Finish button to continue, or click Back to continue moving it around. You can then download a free copy of your photo to print on your own colour printer, or buy a set of six identical printed photos that will be posted to you.

Passport photo 06

Have you printed your own passport photographs? Let us know in the Comments section below.