Whether your child is eight, nine or 15, when choosing a phone it’s important to understand what types of phones are available and what certain features do.
There are two types of phone on the market:
Feature phones are very basic and are suitable for making calls and sending texts. They cost from between £5-£50. Because features are so minimal, they are a good choice for very young children. They are cheap, easy to use and don’t typically include access to the internet (wi-fi or data) or a camera.
Smartphones are more expensive, and typically include a colour touchscreen, camera, and internet access. They typically cost from £50-£500. Smartphones can do many things, which is great for older children – they can play games and check Facebook, but they are probably not suitable for younger children.
There are some phones designed with children in mind, such as Monqui. It runs Android with a customised operating system that gives parents more control, including an app for tracking children and parental controls that can't be switched off.
What about internet access?
For many parents, the biggest concern about giving a child a phone is giving them access to the internet. Whether it’s unmonitored chat-rooms, explicit photos or violence, the web is full of content that isn’t suitable for children.
There are two ways to get online and access the internet from a phone, via wi-fi or data.
A wi-fi-enabled phone will be able to access the internet via home wi-fi or at a wi-fi hotspot. If a phone has data, it can access the internet anywhere.
Getting online with wi-fi
If your child will be accessing the internet at home, BT has safeguards to stop them trying unsuitable content. BT Parental Controls is free to broadband customers and allows parents and carers to block unsuitable content and add filters from mobile.
Owners of wi-fi-enabled phones can get online for free at many wi-fi hotspots, potentially accessing undesirable content.
As a parent, if your child tries to get online at a BT Wi-fi hotspot using your ID, BT Parental Controls still apply. However these controls don’t apply to third-party hotspots, which mean they could access unsuitable content.
If you are seriously worried about your child accessing unsuitable content, choose a feature phone without wi-fi.
Getting online with data
A phone needs to be on a tariff which includes data (which is measured in Mb and Gb), or have sufficient pay as you go (PAYG) credit to access to internet.
BT Mobile has separate parental controls, which are divided into 3 levels: Strict for content deemed only suitable for the over-12s, Light to block content only suitable for adults and Off to allow everything.
What types of phone contract are there?
The main two types of phone Pay Monthly and SIM only.
SIM-only: This type of tariff is a good choice if your child already has a phone or if you want to give them one of your own. For a set fee the child gets a specific number of minutes, texts and sometimes even data.
Pay Monthly: Adding your child and their phone to an existing Pay Monthly tariff seems like a good choice for parents. You can control what tariff they are on and monitor who they call with itemised billing. However, it’s very easy for your child (particularly if they are older) to run up high call charges, by calling abroad or texting premium rate numbers.
What is Family SIM?
There is also the Family SIM option from BT Mobile, which can save families up to £372 per year. The more SIMs you have, the more money you save.
You can get up to five SIMs on one contract, each with generous individual allowances and with extra value discounts that increase with the number of SIMs.
The beauty of it is you'll get one bill for all the family and you can set individual caps for each child. Find out more about Family SIM here.
What about social networking?
Many children have Facebook accounts. Facebook is easy to update using a mobile phone which has data or wi-fi internet access.
Make sure your child's privacy settings are activated otherwise complete strangers could look them up, find out where they live, what school they go to and their movements. Find out how to do this in our articles how to set up Facebook privacy settings and Facebook privacy – how much information are you giving away.
Talk to your child about potential dangers of accepting friend request from strangers and posting too much personal content online. Facebook offers some useful guidance for parents.
Are there any other phone features I need to be aware of?
Yes, modern smartphone have many features so it’s worth being aware what these features do, turning them off if necessary and talking to your child about potential dangers.
Bluetooth: Bluetooth is a type of wireless connectivity, typically used for connecting a phone to speakers to play music without cables, or a headset for hands-free calls.
If Bluetooth is turned on, any nearby Bluetooth-enabled device will be able to scan and detect the phone, attempt to connect and potentially send it photos. A request pops up on the screen and your child has to choose to accept or decline the photo.
Turn Bluetooth off on phones belonging to very young children and advise older children never to accept Bluetooth messages from strangers.
Camera: Taking photos using a phone camera is fun and a good way to encourage creativity. From your phone it’s easier than ever to take a photo and post it on Facebook, or shoot a video and post it to YouTube using wi-fi or data.
What might seem like harmless fun to your child could get them in trouble with a school or friends’ parents. Advise your child of the consequences of posting private content online and ensure Facebook privacy settings are locked down.
GPS: Many new phones include a GPS antenna, used for determining the location of the phone for services like Google Maps. Facebook and FourSquare use GPS data or location-based services, enabling the user to “check in” at a specific place.
If activated the location of your child can be posted on his or her feed for all “Friends” to see. That’s why it’s so important to ensure your child’s Facebook privacy settings are secure. Go into the settings menu, look for location settings and turn them off. Some networks will also turn off location services, so contact your network provider.
Don’t be put off choosing a phone for your child – mobiles are a fantastic way to check your child is safe, just do your research and educate your child about the dangers of choosing a mobile phone.