1. There are two types of diabetes. Type-1 indicates a lack of insulin production and Type-2 means a person’s body does not use insulin effectively. Regardless of type, people with diabetes cannot manage the amount of glucose in their system.
2. Type-1 diabetes cannot be prevented, whereas Type-2 diabetes is a preventable condition. A healthy diet and regular exercise can significantly reduce your chances of developing it – and can even reverse it.
3. Pregnant women can also develop gestational diabetes, where their blood sugar levels are abnormally high.
4. You are far more likely to develop Type-2 diabetes, which is much more common. 90% of diabetes cases are Type-2.
5. Diabetes used to be very rare in children, but as obesity rates have increased, now almost half of new diabetes diagnoses are in children and young adults.
6. We’re facing a global epidemic of diabetes, thanks to the increase in the number of people who are obese. Roughly 347 million people around the globe suffer with diabetes according to the World Health Organization.
7. By 2030, it has been predicted that diabetes will be the seventh leading cause of death worldwide.
8. During the next decade, it is expected that deaths caused by complications related to diabetes will jump by more than 50%.
9. Between 50% and 80% of deaths in people who have diabetes are caused by cardiovascular disease.
10. Death rates vary depending on how developed your country is. Low and middle-income countries account for 80% of diabetes deaths, most common in people aged 35-64, while in developed countries, diabetes deaths happen most often in people who have retired.
11. Diabetes doesn’t just cause death, but can also lead to kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness and stroke, and can necessitate amputation of certain limbs and extremities. It is a life-long condition.
12. In the UK, 3.9 million people are living with diabetes, and that figure is expected to rise to five million by 2025.
13. According to Diabetes UK, 700 people are diagnosed with diabetes every day in Britain, while around 590,000 sufferers are going undiagnosed.