Sir Tim Berners Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web (WWW).
A British computer scientist, his career began at Cern, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, based in Switzerland.
After studying physics at Oxford University, Berners Lee went on to become a software engineer and it was at Cern in 1980 where the first steps were put in motion for the Internet technology which is now an integral part of the modern world.
Birth of WWW
On March 12, 1989 Berners-Lee submitted a proposal for a “distributed hypertext system” which would allow scientists at to Cern in Switzerland to quickly share information across networks - this was the birth of the World Wide Web.
He created the first-ever website - http://info.cern.ch, which was launched on August 6, 1991 and you can still visit today.
In April 1993, the software for it was launched by Cern into the public domain, which meant everyone could use it.
In an Ask Me Anything session for Reddit in 2014, the scientist revealed that he considered Mine of Information, The Information Mine and The Mesh, as alternative names before settling on World Wide Web.
How has his work been recognised?
Berners Lee was awarded a knighthood in 2004 for his services to the global development of the Internet.
He was also further recognised by the Queen when he and five colleagues were jointly awarded the inaugural £1 million Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering in 2013.
Their work in establishing first the internet, a network of interconnected computer systems, then interlinked web pages accessed via the internet has revolutionised communication.
In 2016, he won the Turing Award, given to those who have made contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field."
The global impact of Berners Lee’s invention saw him appear at the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games.
In front of a watching audience of millions, he appeared in person, typing the message: "This is for everyone", from a NeXT computer keyboard in the middle of the Olympic Stadium. The NeXT computer was significant as it was a model with which he set up the world’s first web server, browser and web pages.